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post #1 of 1 (permalink) Old 08-17-2008, 01:56 PM Thread Starter
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False arguments checklist

Handy little guide to sniffing out the BS when it's thrown your way:

│ => 1. Unprovable Fallacy: if not proven false, conclusion is true.

│ => 2. False Contingency: from a small sample to a large 'if...then' conclusion

│ => 3. False Dilemma: only 2 choices allowed.

│ => 4. False Association: two totally unrelated assertions define the conclusion.

│ => 5. Personal Attack: the person rather than the argument is attacked

│ => 6. Circumstantial Personal Attack: attack the circumstances/predicament of the person rather than the argument.

│ => 7. Hypocritical Personal Attack: the attacker has the same attribute as the person attacked

│ => 8. Testimonial Fallacy: well known figures incorrectly used in absentia to support a conclusion.

│ => 9. Anonymous Authority: the authority in question is not named.

│ => 10. Denying-doer: conclusion supported despite overwhelming evidence to the contrary.

│ => 11. Cause-Effect/Post Hoc: because one event follows another, it necessarily either caused or was cause by the other.

│ => 12. Non sequitur: conclusion defended, although assertions do not support it.

│ => 13. False Analogy: two relevantly dissimilar events used to support a conclusion.

│ => 14. Circular Reasoning: conclusion is assumed by the premises.

│ => 15. Fallacy of Composition: because the attributes of the parts of a whole have something in common, the whole includes that commonality.
Read more at False Authority: FALLACY Arguments

and here too: http://www.nizkor.org/features/fallacies/

Last edited by jwight; 03-01-2011 at 01:32 PM.
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